Indonesia making headway toward an open society noted Budi Djafar for The Jakarta Post. ‘Open society’ can be considered a sociopolitical model of participatory politics. Electoral activity, lobbying, and organizational activity are most common examples of participatory politics practiced–and as participatory as coups and mass demonstration. Similar to the idea of ‘open society’, Lester W. Milbrath categorized a mode of politic practice referred to as overt participatory politics whereby political actions are conducted in public; a televised political debate, for instance. Due to democratization for over a decade under Reform Order government, orientation of politics in Indonesia have been largely modernized from the predominantly parochial and ethnocultural characterized politics of Indonesia’s representative democracy. Political orientation determines either cognitive, affective, and evaluative both governmental and public decision-making process crucial to electoral activity. ‘Open society’ politics is distinguishable by procedural aspects. Present day technology more so than ever transformatively and adaptively allows a public engaging sociopolitical platform as the substantive element of democracy: a political system which public policies are made on a majority basis by representatives subject to control at periodic elections, conducted on the principle of political equality and under conditions of political freedom. ‘Open society’ is regarded beneficial also in improving human capacity building in terms of administering regional-specific resources of the archipelagic nation.
Readings: Arie S. Soesilo, dkk (2007), Budiardjo (1984), Almond & Verba (1990)